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When to use it |
How to use it | Example |
How it works | See also
When to use it
Brainwriting is particularly useful with a group of people who are
somewhat reticent and would be unlikely to offer many ideas in an open
group session such as Brainstorming.
It is also useful when everyone has different problems that they want
It also works well with large groups - there is no real limit to the
How to use it
Give everyone a brainwriting sheet
Hand out sheets as below, with space for a problem definition at the
top of the page, and rectangles below into which ideas can be written.
have as many rows of rectangles as will fit on one sheet of paper. Make
the space in the rectangle big enough to contain an average suggestion.
Each person writes a problem at the top of the page. It can be a
different problem for each person and it can be all the same for everyone,
for example if you are all focused on the same problem.
If the ideas are for an individual, then they may put in their name, so
the page can eventually find its way back to them.
Now each person passes on the sheet to another person, who writes down
one or more ideas to solve the problem.
You can use different schemes here, including:
- Each person adds one idea.
- Each person adds one row of ideas (usually four or five).
- Each person adds as many ideas as they like.
Early ideas in particular should be very creative, as they are to act
as stimuli for later problems.
Keep going until you are done
The sheets are now passed on to the next person, who adds more ideas,
using the existing ideas as stimuli where possible.
The sheets are passed around until they are filled up. You can then add
more sheets or stop when a page is full.
Problem: Get to the airport on time
Owner: Jane Dow
|Ride on a clock
||Grow your own wings
||Take a taxi
||Do work at airport
||Never leave the airport
|Set alarm on watch
||Hire a helicopter
||Order taxi beforehand
||Take the train instead
||Take a later plane
How it works
Brainwriting enables people who have ideas but are concerned about
voicing them in a broader group to anonymously make them visible. They
thus do not have to 'compete' with others to be heard.
It also helps that all ideas are visible and can be easily scanned to
trigger new ideas.
It can speed things up because everyone is offering ideas all of the
Nominal Group Technique